INTEGRIS Bennett Fertility



3433 NW 56th
Bldg. B, Suite 200
Oklahoma City, OK 73112

Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection

In situations where sperm is scarce or unable to penetrate the eggs with conventional IVF, direct injection of individual sperm into the egg (intracytoplasmic sperm injection, ICSI) is advised. It is per formed as an addition to IVF.  A very small glass needle is employed to aspirate individual sperm, which, under the microscope,  is injected directly into the substance of the egg.


The most common indications for ICSI are low sperm count, poor sperm morphology (shape), poor sperm motion (motility) or failure to fertilize with conventional IVF.
Contraindications, complications, adverse effects:
An increase in chromosomal abnormalities and birth defects has been reported with ICSI, even though most studies do not show it to be statistically significant. One has to keep in mind that in males with very low sperm count, there is a natural  increase in chromosomal abnormalities, especially those of the Y-chromosome, which may be passed on to the offspring. Mechanical manipulation of the sperm and egg may cause damage to the egg and reduction in the number of fertilized eggs. ICSI has been performed successfully since 1992. The consensus today is that its benefits exceed its disadvantages and it is widely used to assist conception implantation potential.

Assisted Hatching

Assisted hatching is cutting or drilling a hole in the shell of the embryo to improve its hatching and implantation potential.