INTEGRIS Bennett Fertility

Phone

Address

3433 NW 56th
Bldg. B, Suite 200
Oklahoma City, OK 73112

Laparoscopy

To search for and treat causes of infertility such as endometriosis or adhesions (scar tissue), an outpatient surgery called laparoscopy may be offered. Under general anesthesia, a small incision is made in the umbilicus and a telescope less than half an inch in diameter is inserted. The surgeon inspects the abdomen for abnormalities. Treatment of abnormalities is performed immediately by using the laser or fine small instruments through additional small incisions in the lower abdomen. The Fallopian tubes are checked for openness by passing blue dye through them.

Common laparoscopic procedures for infertility include laser vaporization of endometriosis; removal of adhesions  (scar tissue); ovarian drilling; Fallopian tube repair or removal; and removal of ovarian cysts. The procedure usually lasts less than an hour. After several hours of recovery, the patient is discharged home. Return to normal activities is expected after 3-7 days.

Indications

If other causes of infertility are ruled out, laparoscopy is sometimes offered as a diagnostic procedure. Laparoscopy is also recommended to diagnose pelvic pain, as well as to treat fibroids, ovarian cysts, and repair or removal of damaged Fallopian tubes.

Contraindications, complications, adverse effects

As in any surgical procedure, complications may include bleeding, infection, injury to vital organs, and anesthesia risks. The cumulative risk of laparoscopy, however, does not exceed the risk of being involved in a motor vehicle accident.

When performed by an experienced surgeon, major complications are very rare. Common adverse effects are abdominal discomfort, shoulder pain, nausea, and mild abdominal bruising. These usually dissipate in 2-3 days.

Contraindications to laparoscopy include significant heart or lung disease, the presence of severe abdominal adhesions from previous surgery, certain bleeding disorders, and pregnancy.